The Nissuin: Marriage
Over the last two weeks, we’ve been looking at the parallels in Scripture of the ancient Jewish wedding traditions. Phase one was Shiddukhin (Mutual Commitment). Phase two was Erusin (Betrothal). This week we are gonna look at the last phase known as Nissuin (Marriage). Click on any of the titles above to catch up because it all culminates with the groom returning for His bride to take her back to His Father’s house. We’re not wasting time with this one. Let’s go!
Nissuin comes from the Hebrew verb nasa/naso, meaning to carry or lift up. The bride is waiting for her groom to come to carry her off and away to her new home. The betrothal phase is one of great anticipation because the bride knows neither the day nor the hour when her groom would arrive.
One of the groom’s men would go before the arrival of the groom and shout, “Behold, the bridegroom comes!” followed by the sounding of the shofar (horn). This signaled to the bride that the time had finally come and to gather up herself and her party. The whole wedding procession would go through the streets of the city and to the bride’s house. There was much fanfare and gallantry with this event. The bridegroom would then carry his bride back to the home he had prepared for her. If this occurred at night the same events would take place but with a torchlight procession. How awesome would that be?
The bride and groom return to the father’s house where the rest of the people invited to the ceremony have gathered. The couple would again come together under the huppah, recite a blessing over a cup of wine as a symbol of joy and finalize their vows.
(I’m only mentioning this because of one verse that it parallels, see John the Baptist below)
In ancient times the bride and the groom would be escorted to the bridal chamber where they would consummate the marriage. The groom would make an announcement after the marriage was consummated to the rest of the wedding party who were waiting nearby. They would take the message to the rest of the wedding guests and the feasting would begin.
The feast and party that would take place aren’t like our modern-day reception. It wasn’t just a sit-down meal and some dancing and then people would go about their business. The feast, the reception, the celebration full of food, music and dancing would last for seven days! SEVEN DAYS! Could you imagine the catering bill for that?
Now for the parallels:
We (the bride) are ready and awaiting His return
Hebrews 9:28b NLT
He will come again, not to deal with our sins, but to bring salvation to all who are eagerly waiting for Him.
Titus 2:13 AMP
awaiting and confidently expecting the [fulfillment of our] blessed hope and the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus,
Revelation 16:15 AMP
“Behold, I am coming like a thief. Blessed is he who stays awake and who keeps his clothes [that is, stays spiritually ready for the Lord’s return], so that he will not be naked—spiritually unprepared—and men will not see his shame.”
Jude 1:20-21 ESV
But you, beloved, building yourselves up in your most holy faith and praying in the Holy Spirit, keep yourselves in the love of God, waiting for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ that leads to eternal life.
Hebrews 11:16 NKJV
But now they desire a better, that is, a heavenly country. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared a city for them.
Philippians 3:20-21 NKJV
For our citizenship is in heaven, from which we also eagerly wait for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will transform our lowly body that it may be conformed to His glorious body, according to the working by which He is able even to subdue all things to Himself.
The return of Jesus (the groom)
John 14:3 NLT
When everything is ready, I will come and get you, so that you will always be with me where I am.
1 Thessalonians 4:16a NKJV
For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God.
Luke 21:27-28 NKJV
Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. Now when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near.”
Matthew 24:27 ESV
For as the lightning comes from the east and shines as far as the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
Matthew 24:30 ESV
Then will appear in heaven the sign of the Son of Man, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
Returning to the Father’s House
1 Corinthians 15:52 AMP
in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at [the sound of] the last trumpet call. For a trumpet will sound, and the dead [who believed in Christ] will be raised imperishable, and we will be [completely] changed [wondrously transformed].
Jesus mentions drinking the cup of wine after His return
Matthew 26:29 ESV
“I tell you I will not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.”
John the Baptist spoke about hearing the bridegroom’s voice
John 3:29 NKJV
He who has the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice. Therefore this joy of mine is fulfilled.
The wedding feast
Revelation 19:7-8 NKJV
Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready.” And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
Revelation 19:9 NKJV
Then he said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!’ ” And he said to me, “These are the true sayings of God.”
Living as one forever
Revelation 21:1-4 NLT
Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the old heaven and the old earth had disappeared. And the sea was also gone. And I saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven like a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. I heard a loud shout from the throne, saying, “Look, God’s home is now among his people! He will live with them, and they will be his people. God himself will be with them.
Revelation 22:17, 20b
And the Spirit and the bride say, “Come!”...Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus!
-Make sure CC/Subtitles are turned on for the video below. Enjoy!
Written by Aaron Crosson